• Friday, September 03rd, 2010

Courtesy of Dr. Jaafar Mohammad Alghazo, Et. Al.
Acting Dean, College of Information Technology
Prince Mohammad Bin Fahd University


I. Education
Prince Mohammad Bin Fahd Bin Abdul-Aziz received his primary, intermediate and high school education at the Riyadh Model School. He later joined the University of California at Santa Barbara, (US), where he received a bachelor’s degree in Economics and Political Science. During his stay abroad, among other things, he learned to be more self-reliant which permitted him to gain more life knowledge. He also had the opportunity to gain great amount of information and awareness about the different people, cultures, customs, and traditions; and strived to take advantage of the positives of this customs and traditions. Additionally, his American stay allowed him to become, so to speak, an ambassador of his country and religion. Later on, Prince Mohammad practiced different business entrepreneurship for twelve years which equipped him with greater experience on how to deal with different people.

II. Social Life:
The Prince is married to princess Jawaher Bint Nayef Bin Abdul-Aziz with whom he had the following children:
• Prince Turki Bin Mohammad Bin Fahd Al Saud
• Prince Khalid Bin Mohammad Bin Fahd Al Saud
• Prince Abdul-Aziz Bin Mohammad Bin Fahd Al Saud
• Princess Nouf Bint Mohammad Bin Fahd Al Saud
• Princess Nora Bint Mohammad Bin Fahd Al Saud
• Princess Mashael Bint Mohammad Bin Fahd Al Saud

III. Early Life:
As governor of the Eastern Province, Prince Mohammad Bin Fahd Bin Abdul-Aziz is one of the most prominent figures of the second generation of the Saudi royal family. He is well known for his exquisite culture of excellence, his positive future outlook, his openness to the world, and his continuous participation in the achievement of many of the revitalizations and the developments in the kingdom. The citizens of the Eastern Province know him as a firm leader who is exemplified with modesty; realism; and open heartedness, and who is personally attentive to the needs of his people. He is also known for his constant efforts to always have an open, continuous and direct communication with his people.
Prince Mohammad Bin Fahd Bin Abdul-Aziz Al Saud, is the second son of King Fahd Bin Abdul-Aziz Al Saud. He was born in Riyadh in 1950 where he lived with his father King Fahd Bin Abdulaziz and his mother, Princess Al Anoud Bint Abdulaziz Bin Masaad Al Saud (God Rest their Souls). He benefited greatly from his father’s teachings, King Fahd, who had learned his leadership skills from the founder of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, His Royal Highness, King Abdulaziz Al Saud.
After graduating from the University of California in Santa Barbara, he worked in the private sector for a while before joining the Government as an assistant to the deputy of the Minister of Interior. He remained in that position until his appointment as Governor of the Eastern Province on the 10th of Jumada II 1405 AH, (i.e. 1985).

IV. Hobbies:
Prince Mohammad Bin Fahd has numerous hobbies; among them reading, walking, tennis, and swimming. He also has a great passion for cars since an early age. He became very knowledgeable about cars and collected great amount of information on all kinds. He has a large collection of cars, especially vintage ones. Unfortunately his busy schedule leaves him with very little time to enjoy his passion for this hobby.
V. Prince Mohammad Bin Fahd’s Initiatives:
Since becoming governor of the Eastern Province in 1405 AH, Prince Mohammad Bin Fahd is working on creating several development initiatives that provide services to the community, along with activating many of the services provided by government agencies. Prince Mohammad has a firm belief that the function of government bodies is to serve the citizens and residents and to overcome all the difficulties they may face in their daily lives. Along with this belief, he also believed strongly in the need to activate the private sector and the civil society organizations to support government agencies in order to achieve the “principle of prosperity”; which the government is always seeking. In this sense, Prince Mohammad bin Fahd bin Abdul Aziz sought to launch many initiatives in all areas of human development.
First: Prince Mohammad Bin Fahd Bin Abdul-Aziz Human Development Organization
This is a private umbrella organization that covers all of the Prince’s charity endeavors. It also covers all developmental programs of humanitarian and charity nature.
Second: Prince Mohammad Bin Fahd University (PMU)
Prince Mohammad Bin Fahd initiated this project first by donating 350,000 m² piece of land for the campus ground. He also donated SR. 27,600,000 to build the largest Engineering College in the University. His humanitarian gesture encouraged many prominent businessmen to follow lead and contribute to the university.

Third: Prince Mohammad Bin Fahd Program for Youth Development Program
Prince Mohammad Bin Fahd Bin Abdul-Aziz established this program in 2000 to serve the youth development in the Eastern Province. The program seeks to achieve the goals related to the areas of training and employment of youth and their development. The program has been a success since its inception and achieved many accomplishments in both areas.

Fourth: Prince Mohammad Bin Fahd Prize for Scientific Excellence
Prince Mohammad bin Fahd bin Abdulaziz Al Saud Prize for Scientific Excellence is HRH contribution to foster and encourage scientific achievements in Eastern Province academic institutions. It is HRH token to promote excellence in academic achievement of the Eastern Province students.

Fifth: Prince Mohammad Bin Fahd’s Project for Affordable Housing
The idea of Prince Mohammad Bin Fahd’s project for affordable housing stemmed from the growing need for housing of the needy groups in particular and other groups in society in general. The Idea behind this blessed project is to provide housing to all sections of the society.
Sixth: Prince Sultan Fund to Support Women’s Projects
This Fund was established under the initiative of his Highness Prince Mohammad Bin Fahd Bin Abdul-Aziz. Its aim is to support small business projects initiated by women. It is an independent financial and non-profit unit acting as a technical and financial support structure for small, new or ongoing projects initiated by women in the Eastern Province.
Seventh: The Eastern Province Persons with Disabilities Association
This association was founded in 1414 AH to provide care and rehabilitate persons with disabilities in the Eastern Province. The aim is to provide services to the increasingly large number of persons with disabilities who are in great need for care and rehabilitation services. The association attempts to prepare persons with disabilities to become self-reliant in order to contribute to society and enjoy a normal and fruitful life.
Eighth: Eastern Province Study and Research Center
This center was established on 06/01/1426 AH based on the directives of his Royal Highness, prince Mohammad Bin Fahd Bin Abdul-Aziz. HRH vision is to make practical use of research, studies, and activate the role of Saudi’s scientific talents to serve the region.
Ninth: Prince Mohammad Bin Fahd Government Excellence Award
The government of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, established by the Kingdom’s founder, late King Abdul-Aziz, continues to provide the best possible services to all Saudi citizens through its various government departments.
Tenth: Princess Jawaher’s Mashael Al Khair Center
This promising project seeks to add productive and active families to the society. The center works on the basis of scientific and professional endeavor to achieve permanent developments and provide continuous efforts and contributions.
Eleventh: Prize for the Most Beautiful City
Although the idea originated in the Eastern Province, this prize encourages governors and other community leaders to compete in showcasing and embellishing their various cities and towns through the optimum use of available resources.

Twelfth: Prince Mohammad Bin Fahd Prize for Recruiting Employees with Disabilities
The prize seeks to attract the attention of government institutions and private sector establishments in the Eastern Province to the rehabilitation and employment efforts made to provide job opportunities to persons with special needs. The prize is based on the making and modeling of global standards of institutional and individual excellence. It seeks to foster global standardized policies in the employment of persons with disabilities.

Thirteen: The Coordinating Committee for Community Development
This Committee coordinates community development efforts led by various governmental and non-governmental agencies in the Eastern Province through the optimal use of all possible resources to achieve the goals aspired to by the government.

Fourteen: Prince Mohammad Bin Fahd Prize for Acts of Kindness
This prize encourages acts of kindness in many different forms, such as donations, charitable practices, and sponsoring research studies.
Fifteenth: The Follow-up Consultant Committee for Developmental Projects
This committee was established for the purpose of coordinating and following up private and government sector development endeavors as well as preparing a sustainable development strategy for the region.
Sixteenth: Prince Mohammad Bin Fahd Award for Da’wah & Mosque Services
The award encourages excellence in “da’wah” work and mosques services throughout the province.

Seventeenth: Prince Mohammad Bin Fahd Award for Electronic Services
Proceeding from the vision of the wise Kingdom’s leadership which always emphasize the introduction of all new and useful techniques and employ them for the service of all beneficiaries, HRH Prince Mohammed bin Fahd established the technical committee of the Electronic Services. HRH considered this to be the essential and the basic step to generalize the use of electronic services in all service sectors in the eastern region.
Eighteenth: Prince Sultan College for the Visually Impaired
The Prince Sultan College for the Visually Impaired was established to cater to the educational needs of the visually impaired. It bears the Crown Prince’s name because its establishment was announced during his welcoming visit to the region upon his return back from a medical leave abroad. The college is the first of its kind in the Middle East. Because of the special needs of the people the college will cater to, the committee supervising its construction has sought help and hired a number of world-renowned companies with experience in the field. The crown prince donated 60 million Saudi Riyal after the announcement of the project.

VI. Studies and Research
Stemming from HRH concern for the welfare of the people of the Eastern Province, the Governor of Eastern Province Prince Mohammad bin Fahd bin Abdulaziz emphasized greatly the scientific research as an imperative role in the making of decisions related to all areas of human development in the region. His Highness has initiated the preparation of field research studies to address strategic issues facing society. Prince Mohammad Bin Fahd doesn’t stop only at the results of the studies and recommendations. He tirelessly works to convert these recommendations into goals that are implemented through action plans carried out by specialized teams under his supervision. This is evidenced by many of the practices and initiatives launched by HRH as most of these initiatives are the results of field studies and research. These studies and research are as follows:
Youth-related Problems in the Eastern Province: Problems and Solutions
The study attempts to identify the problems facing the youth throughout the Eastern Province and their underlying reasons as revealed by available government documents. The study also evaluates the efficiency of current government programs in tackling these problems. The study also outlines applicable recommendations to be included in the region’s development plan; taking into account available resources.
Furthermore, the study seeks to incorporate its recommendations into the region’s short-term and long-term action plan to tackle youth-related problems. The study includes key samples of youth, guardians, teachers, security authorities and sociologists. The study will use a questionnaire and personal interviews formats (i.e., individual and groups) to collect data, as well as analysis of official government documents and field visits.
No doubt the result of the current study will have positive applications that will contribute to solve some youth-related problems, which are considered obstacles to social development. It is anticipated that the results of this research will greatly contribute to revealing the region’s youth-related problems their underlying causes.
Moreover, the results will help in developing immediate solutions through an operational plan based on available government’s resources. The adopted solutions will be sensitive to the laws and regulations in the country, and also will take into account the security aspects, which are fundamental for the establishment of modern societies. These solutions will ensure therapeutic, preventive and developmental targets, as well as recommendations that will be the nucleus of the short and long terms goals of the strategic plan.

Identity and Loyalty in the Youth Sector
The study addresses the concept of “loyalty” and its limitations. Various authors have investigated and each has defined it to serve specific purposes. The proposed study will delineate the concept and correlate it with the notion of “virtuous citizenship” in the performance of assigned duties and how to raise the citizen’s national consciousness and love for the homeland.
In this respect, loyalty is not a simple act of voiced allegiance, or a code of group conduct at the service of nation-building. Loyalty covers many aspects and goes beyond simple slogans, for when a citizen’s needs are satisfied, even within the limits of available resources, he/she will espouse unwavering loyalty to the homeland and its leaders.

Government Work Ethics: A Field Study to Uncover the Best Way to Stabilize Work Ethics of Government Officials
In light of the rapid changes taking place in the contemporary world and the openness of the Kingdom to the outside world, in addition to the new challenges faced by government officials on a daily basis, the performance of government employees can be negatively affected. This lead to the spread of some phenomenas that are contrary to the ethical and moral foundations of this sector. To face these phenomenas, a scientific study is necessary to understand, analyze its mechanism using scientific approaches, and to find the most efficient ways to eliminate them.
The current study is mostly descriptive in its approach and procedural in its goals. It is a serious attempt to use scientific research to resolve the above stated problem. The study aimed to identify the following:
(1) Identify a sample opinion of government officials on work ethics in the governmental sector to detect the current reality of work ethics in the public sector.
(2) To review the literature on government work ethic stabilization.
(3) To find the best way to stabilize the work ethics of government sector officials using findings of this research and proven methods identified by other recent studies.
This study was carried out in Dammam and its surrounding areas. The sample was made up of 213 government officials. A questionnaire was used to collect information to achieve the objectives of the study and its questions. The questionnaires were distributed to participants and included open questions.
The results showed the existence of some drawbacks with regard to ethics in government agencies. Appropriate recommendations were made to overcome these negatives and provide the best practices to embed ethics in government work.
The Phenomenon of Children Begging and Peddling in Public Places
The goal of this study is to discover the best ways to address the phenomenon of the exercise of children for begging and selling in public utilities. Clearly, this phenomenon is not desirable in this day and age of a civilized society. That is why the provincial government decided to study it using a scientific approach. The present study is mostly descriptive in its approach and procedural in its goals. It is a serious attempt to use scientific research to resolve the above stated problem. The study aimed to identify the following:
(1) The causes leading to the phenomenon of the exercise of children for begging and selling in public places.
(2) Potential organizations, other that the direct families, that may stand behind the practice of children for begging and selling in public places.
(3) The role of family and relatives or authorities in eliminating this problem.
(4) Identifying the best possible ways to eliminate this phenomenon.
The study was conducted with a sample population of 332 people in the Eastern Province. Participants filled out a special questionnaire. Additionally, 32 interviews were conducted with a selected sample while 12 other interviews were carried out with officials in agencies in charge of this phenomenon. The study also included interviews with 48 beggars found in public places such as traffic signals; 7 beggars’ fathers were also interviewed.
The results stressed the need to monitor this growing phenomenon and make practical recommendations that should solve the problem if properly applied.

Saudi Women in the Work Place: Challenges and Solutions
This study aims to identify job opportunities available to women in Saudi Arabia, and the obstacles hindering full employment of qualified Saudi women. The study also examines existing regulations to uncover areas that negatively influence women’s employment. The study will make recommendations for policy making decisions which should allow women to play a more positive role in the social and economic development of this country and fulfill their legitimate ambitions.
The study will survey a group of women, guardians and officials in both government and private sectors. In collecting the data, there will be individual and group interviews; and official documents will also be analyzed.

It is anticipated that the results of the current study will help in overcoming the challenges faced by women in the job market. At its conclusion we hope to have a clear picture on the types of job available to women, and the rules and regulations that need to be modified or enacted to facilitate women’s joining the Saudi workforce; without jeopardizing the Islamic and traditional values of the Saudi Culture.
Optimum Utilization of Youth Energies
When dealing with youth issues in Saudi Arabia, the first thing that comes in mind is the collaborative studies (i.e., previous collaborative research document) prepared by various governmental agencies including the Ministry of the Interior, educational institutions, the Shoura Council and other agencies. The author of this document cannot ignore the tremendous effort put in preparing it. Nevertheless, we believe that these efforts will benefit from more scientifically conducted research. The current study is comprehensive; its recommendations are based on practice and field trials. It is thus systematic and practical. We want it to be a reference book for every decision-maker when dealing with youth-related issues.
Young people are the future of this nation. They constitute a significant segment of this society and many other societies. They need to participate and we need to work with them. It is the job of the leadership to help shape young people’s character, give them the necessary skills and training; and the scientific experience, and rehabilitate those who may have gone astray to insure their adjustment and readiness to assume leadership roles in various sectors of society.
Due to recent advances in science, technology, and communications; the internet, satellites and the advent of globalization, our youth are experiencing an identity crisis. They are constantly bombarded by outside influences causing a collision between their original culture and the concepts coming to them from the west.
Young people feel the urgent need to experience new things, concepts and ideas. They need an outlet for their enormous energy. It is thus necessary to find meaningful activities for the youth to test and invest their abilities in return for meaningful benefit to themselves and to the society.
Many studies have been conducted on youth issues, and the Eastern Province has been supportive of many studies for several reasons. First and most important, the speed at which these changes are occurring. Second, with the Internet, more new data and influences are seeping into the Kingdom’s youth community. Third, more and more websites are created which target youth specifically through a cyberspace intellectual and informational warfare. These are the issues this study will address to identify the optimum ways to utilize youth energy in an effective and efficient way.

Relationship between the Eastern Province Emirate and Government Departments and Branches
The Kingdom of Saudi Arabia sought like most countries in the world to develop private systems of governance and management to protect the country. Three important bodies work closely to this end. They are the Constitutional Law, the Shoura Council, and the Provincial system.
The Provincial system consists essentially of the local government. The Kingdom is divided into thirteen administrative provinces/regions headed each by an Amir (i.e., Prince), who shall exercises his power from the region’s governorate. The governor of the region is its prince. He is the highest administrative authority in the region. His duty is to ensure a good functioning of all government departments in his region and their respective officials.
This paper aims to highlight the relationship between the Emirate (i.e., region or province) and the government departments located in that region, and to identify the role which the Emirate can play in the development and coordination of this relationship.

Evaluation of the Efforts Made to Address and Correct Deviant Ideologies
A number of deviant or misguided ideologies and thoughts are constantly spread among our youth. These are terrorist thoughts in nature and as such, they are considered as the force motivating young people to commit security violations, crimes and terrorist attacks. These extremist ideologies stem from a hard line interpretation of religion or from religious zealotry and decadent moral views. They often generate behavior patterns which are inconsistent with values and traditions prevailing in our current society.
In spite of the clear danger misguided ideologies may impose on society, they have not received the attention and scrutiny they deserve in an effort to find out their causes, their resources and root them out. Although several studies have been conducted on misguided ideologies in the past, they were not comprehensive or deep enough to reveal the root of the problem. Therefore, more research studies need to be executed using actual field work to collect quantitative and qualitative data, and behavioral observation methods of a sample of youth, in order to get to the bottom of the problem.
Deviant ideologies generally start in the form of impressive intellectual ideas attributed to a particular person who is viewed with admiration by young individuals and often considered a reference model. This person becomes a role model, a reference to be emulated. This person will reach this status in young people’s mind only if there is a lack of attention from the part of the community leaders. If unchecked, he will grow in importance and power and may lead them to sacrifice their lives for him. This can happen with young people as a result of an intellectual emptiness which the education instilled in the young person’s mind.
The term deviant ideologies always bring to mind the educational system, for education is the first line of defense to curtail this phenomenon. It is imperative to focus on education. Sometimes the deviant thoughts also creep in through other channels such as radio, TV, video tapes or through trips abroad. These thoughts creep in slowly, influencing the young mind, while the parents or the guardians tolerate the signs of negative influences their sons are showing. This may go on till the young person’s mind is completely overtaken by deviant thoughts leading him to increasingly behave outside accepted social norms.
This highlights the role of education to be comprehensive to all concerned to achieve synergies and access to young minds and fill the emptiness felt by the youth, and alleviate their suffering. Deviant thoughts must be replaced with serious thoughts. The young person must be aware of the need for social stability, and the need to adhere to the right Islamic values. This job must be carried out by state and other relevant institutions active in education, training and socialization of the youth.
The state and many other organizations are making significant efforts to confront, correct, and prevent the dangerous effects of deviant ideologies. Recently, therapeutic solutions have been implemented by various government bodies. However the problem persists and consequently, there is an urgent need for adequate preventive policies to protect the youth from this scourge. In the next few paragraphs, the efforts made will be reviewed and analyzed to view what has been accomplished so far for cleansing the youth minds of false allegations promoted by deviant ideology thinkers.
The Roles and Performance of Governors and Community Leaders in Promoting Security
The duty of which Governors, community leaders, mayors and tribal sheikhs must play in Promoting national security in the country has been clearly set by law. However, the implementation of this duty might be met with individual shortcomings; material or human challenges; or administrative, organizational and social constraints. In this section, we will try to outline current reality of the work completed by governors, community leaders, mayors and tribal sheikhs. Since all these officials work under the governor’s direct aegis, their work performance is evaluated from HRH point of view. The research will be conducted on a selected sample where information will be gathered, analyzed and evaluated to determine if their achievements fit the goals they were assigned. Several issues related to the research objectives have been raised.
The aim of the group interview is to determine the current position of the role of governors, community leaders, and mayors in order to identify ways to enhance their performance in promoting regional development and national security. The summary will also include the Emirate’s official position on the issues raised, and the recommendations.
The Role of Mayors and Tribal Sheikhs in Promoting Security and Social Stability in the Kingdom
Mayors, tribal sheikhs and others are names of social positions long recognized even in old Arab societies. People resort to these social figures to solve their problems which make them decision-makers. The functions of the mayor arise from the need of society. The problems and concerns that the mayor must tackle are different from one city to the next. Likewise, the mayor’s functions and powers; as well as those of tribal sheikhs, vary from one society to another and from one state to another.
In the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, mayors and tribal sheikhs play an important role in their respective towns/cities and tribes. They contribute actively to solve conflicts, ensure social stability and solidarity. Mayors function in separate system; their work is supervised and regulated by the Interior Ministry within the framework of public security guidelines. This paper will describe in greater details the security role played by municipalities and tribal sheikhs in safeguarding public security and social stability in the Kingdom.
The Emirate of Eastern province puts a strong emphasis on the role of municipalities in safeguarding public security in the country as they are the closest to citizens and their concerns. That is why the Emir’s office has ordered a special review and working paper on mayors and tribal sheikhs. This will be a contribution to the study prepared to that effect by the Ministry of the Interior.

© September 2010
None of this material may be republished without permission.

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